Application Passwords

Beschreibung

This is a feature plugin that is a spinoff of the main Two-Factor Authentication plugin, found at https://github.com/georgestephanis/two-factor/.

With Application Passwords you are able to authenticate a user without providing that user’s password directly, instead you will use a base64 encoded string of their username and a new application password.

Creating a New Application Password

  1. Go the User Profile page of the user that you want to generate a new application password for. To do so, click Users on the left side of the WordPress admin, then click on the user that you want to manage.
  2. Scroll down until you see the Application Passwords section. This is typically at the bottom of the page.
  3. Within the input field, type in a name for your new application password, then click Add New.
    Note: The application password name is only used to describe your password for easy management later. It will not affect your password in any way. Be descriptive, as it will lead to easier management if you ever need to change it later.
  4. Once the Add New button is clicked, your new application password will appear. Be sure to keep this somewhere safe, as it will not be displayed to you again. If you lose this password, it cannot be obtained again.

Testing an Application Password

WordPress REST API

This test uses the technologies listed below, but you can use any REST API request.

  • WordPress REST API
  • cURL
  • Mac OSX or Linux
  • A Mac or Linux terminal
  • Local development environment (e.g. MAMP, XAMPP, DesktopServer, Vagrant) running on localhost
  1. Now that you have your new password, you will need to base64 encode it using a terminal window as well as your username to use it with the REST API.
    The command you will use is as follows:
    shell
    echo -n "USERNAME:PASSWORD" | base64

    Within this, you will replace USERNAME:PASSWORD with your username and newly generated application password. For example:
    shell
    echo -n "admin:mypassword123" | base64

  2. Once your username and password are base64 encoded, you are now able to make a simple REST API call using the terminal window to update a post. Because you are performing a POST request, you will need to authorize the request using your newly created base64 encoded access token. If authorized correctly, you will see the post title update to „New Title.“
    shell
    curl --header "Authorization: Basic ACCESS_TOKEN" -X POST -d "title=New Title" http://LOCALHOST/wp-json/wp/v2/posts/POST_ID}

    When running this command, be sure to replace ACCESS_TOKEN with your newly generated access token, LOCALHOST with the location of your local WordPress installation, and POST_ID with the ID of the post that you want to edit.

XML-RPC

This test uses the technologies listed below, but you can use any XML-RPC request.

  • XML-RPC enabled within WordPress
  • cURL
  • Mac OSX or Linux
  • A Mac or Linux terminal
  • Local development environment (e.g. MAMP, DesktopServer, Vagrant) running on localhost

Once you have created a new application password, it’s time to send a request to test it. Unlike the WordPress REST API, XML-RPC does not require your username and password to be base64 encoded. To begin the process, open a terminal window and enter the following:
shell
curl -H 'Content-Type: text/xml' -d '<methodCall><methodName>wp.getUsers</methodName><params><param><value>1</value></param><param><value>USERNAME</value></param><param><value>PASSWORD</value></param></params></methodCall>' LOCALHOST

In the above example, replace USERNAME with your username, and PASSWORD with your new application password. This should output a response containing all users on your site.

Screenshots

  • In your user profile screen, by default it will just be a field to create a new Application Password.
  • After at least one Application Password for you account exists, you'll see a table displaying them, allowing you to view usage and revoke them as desired.

Installation

  1. Download the zip file.
  2. Log into WordPress, hover over Plugins, and click Add New.
  3. Click on the Upload Plugin button.
  4. Select the zip file you downloaded.
  5. Click Install Plugin.
  6. Activate.

Rezensionen

Convenient and more secure than using User passwords

Application Passwords has been a life-saver. Using Application Passwords is *much* simpler than using a full oAuth implementation and is more secure than using standard passwords via Basic Auth. OAuth is, in many cases, overkill and not the right solution (i.e. when you’re building a trusted application to interface with your own WordPress website) — not to mention oAuth is very cumbersome to test via the command line. Just make sure any production site you use with Application Passwords is forcing HTTPS — because any kind of basic authentication is going to be unsafe over an unencrypted connection. 🙂

Good plugin

People are using this plugin and Now i am also using it because it is good plugin and i have used it on my different blogs like
[links removed]

100% Unsafe using Base64

Base64 encoding is UNSAFE method used by large number of naive application programmers hoping to „obscure“ the plain text password as it travels across the network. Base64 encoding lacks any form of cryptographic algorithm so it fails to protect sensitive information, as result Base64 vulnerability is the root of multiple security breaches. Both the user’s ID and password are completely exposed. Using Base64 is no more secure than converting a secret from English into French. Stupid or Careless programmers (as opposed to uneducated) still use Base64 in many networks and end-user applications with no regard as to the damage they created. Simply web search „base64 vulnerability“ to see how badly you wrecked the security using it. Cheers!

Lies alle 4 Rezensionen

Mitwirkende & Entwickler

„Application Passwords“ ist Open-Source-Software. Folgende Menschen haben an diesem Plugin mitgewirkt:

Mitwirkende